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【VR】愿你克服偏见,愿你一往无前

美国非洲裔男子乔治·弗洛伊德之死引发的集会游行活动仍在全美许多城市持续进行,抗议活动还发展至其他国家。媒体工作者、传媒平台、科技企业等也在用自己的方式为正义与和平发声。

The protests following the death of an African-American man named George Freud, have persisted in many cities across the United States, and the protests, supporting the Black Lives Matter movement have also begun in other countries. Media professionals & platforms, and technology companies have joined the fight for justice and peace using new, innovative tools.



XR技术研究中,已有AR应用被用于改变对行动主义和社会变革的潜在影响。智能手机、平板电脑的发展让AR技术更快普及大众,简单的操作就能获得吸引旁人注意的效果。

In XR technology research, existing AR applications have been used to enhance the potential impact of activism and social change. The development of smart phones and tablet computers has popularized AR technology more quickly, enabling simple AR functions to attract a lot of attention from users.


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Debias VR创始人Clorama Dorvilias提出希望使用带有娱乐性的VR内容激发同理心,并通过包容性的培训来减少种族偏见

Clorama Dorvilias, founder of Debias VR, hopes to use content that inspires empathy through inclusive training to reduce racial prejudice.

她说:“偏见消除培训不是一件丢人的事。当你友好对待他人时,本身也会感受到被人温柔以待。偏见的消除不是一天可以解决的,而是一个长久的过程。我们希望人们能在安全舒适的环境中工作生活。”

Dorvilias explained, "Prejudice training is not a shameful thing. When you treat others friendly, you will also feel that you are being treated tenderly. The elimination of prejudice is not a day's solution, but a long-term process. We hope people can work and live in a safe and comfortable environment."

星巴克这种科技公司愿意花费数百万美元,通过多样性计划种族敏感性培训来解决隐性的种族偏见。但人为培训耗费的时间与费用是个无底洞,Dorvilias便提出使用VR技术消除偏见,她也是目前唯一使用VR移情的黑人女性

Some large corporations like Starbucks are spending millions of dollars to try to resolve hidden racial prejudices through diversity programs and racial sensitivity trainings. The time and costs of human-run trainings is a bottomless hole. Dorvilias proposed to use VR technology to eliminate prejudice.

Dorvilias在学习交互设计硕士课程时受到了不公平待遇,她几乎要放弃并离开那里。而一次教授分配的研究论文,成了她的救赎——论文要求学生运用技术来解决社会问题

Dorvilias从她的被偏见对待中发现了一个改变现状的机会,她围绕隐性偏见话题展开研究

Dorvilias was treated unfairly while earning her Masters of Interaction Design, and she almost gave up and left the program. A research project assigned by her professors became her salvation, as the paper required students to use technology to solve social problems.

Dorvilias found an opportunity to change the status quo to improve the learning environment for future students by diminishing bias. She started to study the topic of implicit prejudice.



Dorvilias在游戏中设置关卡,玩家被分配到不同的种族,并且必须与不同种族和性别的同龄人互动以寻找线索并赢得比赛。她的研究项目得到了巴塞罗那大学的支持,最后得出了积极的研究结果,当为玩家分配与他们种族不同的虚拟种族时,玩家展现的隐性种族偏见趋于减少。

Dorvilias created a game where players are assigned to different races, and must interact with peers of different races and genders to find clues and win the game. Her research project was supported by the University of Barcelona, and finally concluded with a positive finding. When players are assigned virtual races that are different from their races, the players’ implicit racial bias tends to decrease.

Dorvilias开发的VR工具独特之处在于,它通过一段时间内的进度跟踪与分析来与使用者达成积极互动,不会包含任何不适与痛苦。

The uniqueness of the VR tool developed by Dorvilias is that it achieves positive interaction with users through progress tracking and analysis over a period of time without any discomfort or pain.



她致力于开发更多VR移情工具,在企业学校中使用,帮助各个年龄层的人消除隐性偏见。研究表明,部分教育工作者对有色学生的期望较低,又对男性学生更多青睐,且不太可能鼓励女性学生参加技术性课程,如STEM。

Google委托美国大学和斯坦福大学撰写的报告中,研究人员探索了教室中的无意识偏见。他们发现,教师对不同种族的学生给予不平等对待的比例过高,他们提供支持的可能性也较小,从而导致有色学生的学习成绩出现差距

She is committed to developing more VR empathy tools, used in businesses and schools, to help people of all ages to eliminate hidden bias. Studies have shown that some educators have lower expectations for students of color, but also prefer male students, and are unlikely to encourage female students to participate in technical courses, such as STEM. In a report commissioned by Google to American University and Stanford University, researchers explored unconscious bias in the classroom. They found that teachers gave too high a rate of unequal treatment to students of different races, and they were less likely to provide support, resulting in gaps in the academic performance of students of color.

使用Debias VR的相同指导原则,Dorvilias针对教师的隐性偏见开发了偏见消除VR应用,并构建了一个问责应用来跟踪教室中偏见的减少程度。

Using the same guiding principles of Debias VR, Dorvilias developed a bias elimination VR application for teachers’ implicit bias and built an accountability application to track the reduction of bias in the classroom.



VR有一个特性,人们在尝试它之前,并不会觉得它有多强大;一旦尝试了,人们便会受其引导改变自己。

Milk曾在TED演讲中表示,虚拟现实有真正改变世界的潜力,因为它以前所未有的沉浸式体验将使用者与其他人联系在一起,以此改变人们对彼此的看法,这是其他任何形式的媒体都无法实现的。这也是VR沉浸式的魅力所在。

VR is the future. People struggle to grasp how powerful a tool it is before trying it, but once they try it, they are changed forever (hopefully for the greater good).

Milk once said in a TED talk that virtual reality has the potential to truly change the world, because it connects users with other people through an unprecedented immersive experience, thereby changing people's perception of each other, which is stronger than any other form of media to date. This is the importance of deeply immersive VR.


VR无法创造平等的真实世界,但能构建虚拟的和平世界,帮助人们更好地相互理解,推动人们通过自己的力量创造一个舒适安全的生活环境。

VR cannot create total equality in the real world, but it can build a more peaceful world in the virtual realm, helping people to better understand each other, and  in turn, translating into a more comfortable and safe living environment through human dedication. You can bring a horse to water, but you cannot make it drink. Users of VR empathy trainings most also consciously decide to be open to the betterment of themselves, and the world that we live in.

标题引用书评:《杀死一只知更鸟》

资料参考:

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/a3qeyk/this-vr-founder-wants-to-gamify-empathy-to-reduce-racial-bias

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